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At Mada'in Saleh, wealthy Nabataens were buried in splendor in tombs carved in rock and long since robbed of valuables. The archeological site of Al-Hijr (Madain Saleh) is the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in Saudi Arabia. It was a major center of the Nabataen civilization. It is the largest Nabataen site south of Petra in Jordan. It bears testimony to the Nabataen civilization between the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC and pre-Islamic period in the 1st century AD.